Rembrandt van Rijn


Old Man with a Beard, Fur Cap, and Velvet Cloak
Circa 1632
Paper: 5 7/8 x 5 1/8 in.

Abraham and Isaac
Circa 1645
Etching and engraving
Paper: 6 1/4 x 5 1/8 in.

Joseph Telling His Dreams
Circa 1638
11.4x 8.3 cm

The Triumph of Mordecai
Circa 1641
Etching and drypoint
19.7 x 23.5 cm

Ephraim Bonus, Jewish Physician
Etching with engraving and drypoint, 1647, a very good impression of the second (final) state, printing with burr on the cloak and the bottom of the balustrade, on paper with a
Basilisk watermark, framed
sheet: 221 by 189mm 8¾ by 7½in



Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1969)

Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn was born in Leiden, The Netherlands, in 1606, as the son of a miller. He attended Latin School and after briefly enrolling at Leiden University, decided to become an artist. Rembrandt received his first artistic training from Jacob Isaacsz van Swanenburgh (1571-1638) in Leiden, and later became a pupil of history painter Pieter Lastman (1583-1633) in Amsterdam. By 1626 Rembrandt worked independently in Leiden alongside Jan Lievens (1607-74), another of Lastman’s students.

After settling in Amsterdam in 1631, Rembrandt soon became a sought-after portraitist of wealthy burghers. His financial success allowed him to maintain a large studio with numerous apprentices and acquire a stately house. In 1634, he married his fist wife Saskia, who posed for many of his works, often as a biblical figure. The couple had four children of whom only one, Titus, survived infancy. Saskia died in 1642, the year Rembrandt completed the monumental Nightwatch (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam), one of his masterworks.

His housekeeper Hendrijke Stoffels became Rembrandt`s second life-companion. The couple never married, but had a daughter, Cornelia, together. By 1656, financial troubles caused Rembrandt to lose most of his assets. He died in 1669, pre-deceased by Henrickje and his son Titus, never regaining financial solvency.

Rembrandt is most celebrated for his highly sensitive, un-idealized portraits, as well as his multifaceted depictions of religious and historical scenes. He was a master of chiaroscuro, both in his oil paintings as in his graphic works.

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